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Privacy Policy

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Privacy Policy


EcoConServ
Corporate Health, Safety and Environment
 
Waste Management
 
1
Preamble
Preamble
1
This guideline follows and implements the EcoConServ Policy on CorporateActivities. Its aim is a safe and sustainable waste managementthroughout EcoConServ for all types of waste.
 
2
General
Objective
2
The objective of this guideline is to support EcoConServ’ commitment “to makeefficient use of natural resources and to minimize the environmental impacts ofits activities and products over their lifecycle” from a waste managementperspective.
Validity
3
  This guideline is binding for the entire EcoConServ Group.
  Joint ventures, in which EcoConServ bears the operational responsibility, shalleither adopt this guideline as is or institute rules that aim for an equivalentstandard of waste management.
Scope
4
This guideline applies to all wastes generated from Client businessactivities, e.g. Collection, transportation packaging, storage, and marketing.
 
5
The guideline covers wastes of Non-hazardous industrial waste, and Hazardous Industrial waste, that are to bepre-treated or disposed. It also covers returned materials, off-spec products,used packaging materials, non-returnable raw materials, demolition orexcavation materials, as well as third party wastes accepted by EcoConServ forpretreatment or disposal. For biological materials additionalrequirements of pertinent legislation apply.
Responsibility
6
The Divisions and Business Units are responsible for the implementation ofthis guideline. The site management is responsible for the implementation ofthis guideline at site level.
 
3
Basic Principles
Laws andregulations
7
Local laws and waste regulations are binding. Additional requirements onwaste management defined by this guideline are equally binding.
Waste
management
priorities
8
The following priorities apply to waste management:
1.      Avoidance / minimization
2.      Re-use / recycling at source and in other processes (after suitable pre-treatment e.g. segregation)
3.      Disposal (after suitable pre-treatment, e.g. incineration)
Therewith it must be considered that the overall environmental impact andenergy use are minimized. Energy recovery should be taken into account.
 
4
Business Processes Requirements
 
4.1
Products and Processes Development
Life cycle
thinking
9
Raw materials with a reduced environmental foot-print, i.e. materials that areless hazardous or with less environmental impact in their production, andmaterials from renewable sources should be given preference, if technicallyfeasible and economically viable.
End-of-life
consideration
10
The different direct and indirect possible pathways of the products at the endof their life (including disposal of unused products) into various waste streamsshould be considered already during product development.
 
4.2
Procurement
Procurement options for
less waste
11
Procurement options that avoid hazardous waste result in reduced wastequantities, or in increased recycling are to be considered and given preference, if technically feasible and economically viable.
Purchasing of
raw materials
12
Raw materials of higher quality or with less impurity are preferred, in caseswhere this leads to reduced amounts of unwanted by-products. Take-backoptions may be negotiated with suppliers to avoid waste from excess rawmaterials.
 
4.3
Production / Operations
Start of new
Processes
13
New processes and activities are not to be started, before a safe and
environmentally sound waste management approach is developed and can beguaranteed. Beside normal operation, startup, cleaning and shut down of
processes should be covered by the environmental impact assessment of theprocess.
Production
planning
14
Production planning (e.g. sequence of batches) should consider all options ofre-use and recycling to increase material productivity and tominimize waste streams.
Process
review
15
Production processes, including auxiliary processes that result in significantwaste streams, as identified in the waste management concept should be periodically reviewed. Waste optimization opportunities that result fromtechnical innovation and/or availability of recycling options are to beevaluated on a regular basis (e.g. minimum every 3 years) as a part of theenvironmental program of each site.
Business case
16
Waste optimization projects identified in the course of the process review
should be complemented by a description of the business case including an
analysis of the total process costs.
 
4.4
Marketing and Distribution
Marketing
17
For marketing and promotion campaigns, reuseand recycling options of marketing materials (e.g. promotion packaging, gifts, and stands) should be considered.
Recycling
18
For take-back products re-use and recycling options should be considered asalternatives to disposal, after fully considering the quality implications.
 
5
Waste Management Process Requirements
 
5.1
Waste Management Concept
Waste
management
objectives
19
In general, EcoConServ strives for a reduction of all types of waste generated andthe minimization of risks and potential liabilities related to waste handling andwaste disposal. On hazardous waste the primary goal is “zero waste tolandfill”; on non-hazardous waste it is to maximize segregation, reuse andrecycling.
Site waste
management
concept
20
Each site with significant waste streams has to establish and maintain a site
waste management concept that covers all significant waste types and
destinations. Waste streams may be considered significant due to the absolutequantity of a waste, its percentage of the total waste generated, or due to otherrelevance criteria, such as toxicity. The concept must ensure that EcoConServobjectives are met and that regulatory requirements and internal guidelines arefollowed.
Waste
classification
21
All wastes are to be classified according to local legislation. In the absence ofa local regulatory scheme, wastes shall be classified using internationallyrecognized classification systems.
 
5.2
On-site Waste Handling and Storage
Collection
22
Wastes are to be collected in dedicated containers (bags, bins, barrels, etc). that are appropriate for the characteristics of the waste. Collection devices
must be positioned in dedicated areas with clear signage to avoid any wronguse. Practices for segregated collection shall be established to allow optimalrecycling, pre-treatment and disposal and to avoid critical chemical reaction oraccumulation of safety risks. Excessive accumulation of waste at theworkplace should be avoided.
Labeling
23
Wastes are to be appropriately labeled to ensure proper segregation and safehandling. This applies to all equipment and installations used for waste handling (collection/ transport containers, pipelines/tanks for liquid wastes, wastestorage facilities( .
Internal
Transport
24
The suitability of equipment and containers used for the transportation and
storage of wastes is to be ensured.
Intermediate
Storage
25
Wastes are to be stored on-site in accordance with EcoConServ requirements, e.g. CHSE Guideline 6 ‘Warehousing’. In general, waste quantities present on siteare to be minimized to the extent practical and economically viable. Where asafe and environmentally sound disposal of hazardous waste is not assured, itsintermediate storage in adequate storage areas is to be evaluated against adiscontinuation of the process or activity. Maximum time periods forintermediate storage or maximum quantities for accumulated waste requiredby law or specified in the insurance policy must not be exceeded.
 
5.3
Pre-treatment of Wastes (on-site or off-site)
Objective of
pre-treatment
26
The objective of pre-treatment is to change the chemical/physical properties ofthe waste that allow or facilitate its final disposal or recycling.
Types of
pre-treatment
27
Pre-treatment of waste comprises a broad variety of operations, such as
mechanical pre-treatment (e.g. sorting, mixing, shredding), physical pre-
treatment (e.g. ultra filtration), thermal pre-treatment (e.g. autoclaving),
chemical pre-treatment (e.g. neutralization), and biological pre-treatment (e.g. composting). Pre-treatment operations might be combined so that the outputmaterial or certain fractions of one pre-treatment process are the inputmaterial for a subsequent pre-treatment process (e.g. sorting or shreddingfollowed by incineration). Incineration is defined as a pre-treatment process, due to the fact that it leaves fly ash and slags as residues behind that requirefurther treatment and final disposal.
EcoConServ
standards for
pre-treatment
28
Pre-treatment of waste from EcoConServ is to be carried out only in suitableinstallations with an efficient control of risks and emissions. For pre-treatmentfacilities that are operated by EcoConServ, the standards that are considered BestAvailable Technology (BAT) as defined in the European Union or the UnitedStates of America are to be applied, unless local legal requirements are morestringent. For pre-treatment facilities that are operated by waste contractorsor by other third parties, EcoConServ requires legal compliance and strives toachieve BAT. The following EcoConServ specific requirements apply :
  Wastes are not to be mixed or diluted with inert materials for the solepurpose of compliance with legal limits for further pre-treatment (e.g.
    incinerations) or for final disposal (e.g. landfill( .
•   Prior to recycling equipment, packaging material or empty containers are tobe decontaminated in a suitable and appropriate manner.
  Labels showing the EcoConServ name or logo should be removed or defacedunless anonymity can be guaranteed otherwise.
 
5.4
Transfer and Off-site Transport of Wastes
Transfer of
wastes
29
Transfer of wastes from EcoConServ to a third party (for off-site transport and/orsubsequent pre-treatment or final disposal by a waste contractor) requiresexplicit authorization by EcoConServ. For hazardous waste respectiveauthorization procedures must be established that include audits of the wastecontractor at their hazardous waste facilities, and a sign-off by a EcoConServemployee. Waste may only be transported in appropriate containers. Fortransfer and transportation the requirements of CHSE Guideline 11Transportation’ apply.
Chain of custody
for hazardous
waste
30
Transfers of hazardous wastes from EcoConServ to a third party are to be carriedout only after the full line of responsibilities has been established. Transfershave to be tracked with a waste manifest.
Trans-border
transport
31
Trans-border movements of wastes have to comply with pertinent
international rules or conventions, e.g. the Basel Convention for trans-bordertransport of hazardous wastes. Transfer of wastes that can avoid trans-bordertransports is preferred.
 
5.5
Final Disposal of Wastes
Objectives of
final disposal
32
The objective of final disposal is to permanently remove waste material fromthe biosphere in a way that prevents contamination of soil and groundwaterand that minimizes the impact to the environment. Wastes, which are reactive, infectious, liquid, water soluble or odorous, are not allowed to go to a landfill. Final disposal (e.g. landfill), in particular for hazardous waste, is only allowed, if all options for recycling and types of pre-treatment to minimize theenvironmental impact have been considered.
Types of final
disposal
33
To achieve the properties necessary for final disposal, appropriate pre-
treatment is required. According to their characteristics, wastes must be
disposed of in adequate final disposal facilities (e.g. landfills for hazardous
waste, landfills for non-hazardous waste, and landfills for inert waste)
EcoConServ
standards for
final disposal
48
Wastes are to be disposed of only in technically suitable and authorized
facilities. For facilities that are operated by EcoConServ, the standards that areconsidered Best Available Technology (BAT) as defined in the European Unionor the United States are to be applied, unless local legal requirements are morestringent. For facilities operated by third party, where hazardous waste fromEcoConServ is disposed, EcoConServ requests the same standards. The followingEcoConServ specific requirements apply:
  Landfill of hazardous waste with a content of organic compounds >1%
     must be avoided.
  The number of landfills used should be reduced as appropriate in order tominimize the overall risk exposure to EcoConServ.
•   Liquid wastes are not to be disposed of by deep-well injection.
  Prior to landfill all labels showing the EcoConServ name or logo should beremoved or defaced, as permitted, unless anonymity can be guaranteedotherwise.
•   Landfill of hazardous waste needs the explicit permission of the
     Division/Business Unit HSE Officer or the respective authorized function.
 
6
Waste specific HSE System Requirements
Management
review
34
To ensure the achievement of the overall objectives and targets of EcoConServrelated to waste management, the Divisions shouldintegrate management of their significant waste streams into their annual HSEReview.
Training and
awareness
creation
35
Employees and contractors involved in waste management are to bespecifically trained to perform waste management activities in a safe and
responsible way. Specific training requirements should be developed in linewith job descriptions. Training should also be provided to business functionsthat have an indirect impact on waste generation and management (e.g. procurement, process design) to ensure proper understanding of theirresponsibilities. Specific awareness raising programs should be considered forwaste management and for waste streams that are strongly influenced byhuman behavior.
Documentation
and record
keeping
36
All types and destinations of hazardous wastes generated must be recorded
Appropriate records must document the waste quantity and quality (waste
data sheet) as well as an unbroken chain of responsibility from generation tofinal disposal (waste manifest). All records concerning the management (wastedata sheet, waste manifests, contracts with third party facilities, audit and visitreports) of wastes have to be kept at least as long as required by legislation. All records, which concern final disposal of hazardous wastes in landfills, haveto be kept for an unlimited period of time.